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Bonsai Care by Species Instruction Guide



Chinese Fringe Flower

Chinese Fringe Flower

The Chinese Fringe Flower is native to the tropical areas of Asia and makes an extraordinary tree for Bonsai due to the ability to trim their branches in virtually any direction. Several times throughout the year, the Chinese Fringe Flower produces beautiful pink fringed flowers. The Chinese Fringe Flower requires good indirect sunlight and is best suited for patios or areas in front of a large window that gets good light. The Fringe Flower likes watering conditions on the dry side and can withstand temperatures down to freezing, 32 degrees F.


Ginseng Ficus

Ginseng Ficus Bonsai

The Ginseng Ficus Bonsai is one of the easiest to care for of all bonsai. It is perfect for indoor environments such as your home, office, or dorm because it thrives in low light and watering once a week. It has one of the most amazing trunk developments of all bonsai, lending itself to rocks or even figurines placed under the shade of the roots. The foliage varies somewhat as to the size of leaves depending on the area of China they are from.


Golden Dew Drop

Golden Dew Drop Bonsai

Golden Dew Drop Bonsai produces a yellow berry and the most beautiful purple, blue, or white flowers which attract butterflies in the summer. The Golden Dew Drop requires some good direct sunlight each day and enjoys its soil to be moist at all times.


Japanese Juniper

Japanese Juniper

The Japanese Juniper is the most popular tree for Bonsai because of its compact foliage and ability to train its branches into popular shapes. The Japanese Juniper produces tiny brown pine cones once a year and also green berries upon maturity. Requires good indirect sunlight and are best suited for patios or outdoor areas. The Japanese Juniper likes moist watering conditions. Watering should be done through the foliage and around the entire base of the plant. Can withstand temperatures below freezing.


Miniature Ixora Paradise

Miniature Ixora Paradise

The Miniature Ixora Paradise Bonsai, is a beautiful flowering variety with dark green foliage and large clusters of tiny orange blooms. This is a hardy Bonsai that likes good, indirect sunlight and moderate watering. Its fiery, orange colored blooms make it an excellent piece for a patio or garden setting.


Ponytail Palm

Ponytail Palm

The Ponytail Palm Bonsai has small, curly leaves and swollen base at the trunk. Also called Elephant's Foot due to the nature of the trunk which is scaly and hard. The swelling of the trunk acts as a reservoir in times of dry periods. In fact, Ponytail Palm bonsai can go for a couple of weeks without watering provided they are not in direct sun. The Ponytail Palm is one of a handful of low maintenance bonsai and can be beautifully displayed in low light conditions of your house, office or patio. Due to its ease of maintenance it makes an excellent gift for those friends in short supply of a green thumb.


Pyracantha

Pyracantha

Pyracantha means “firethorn.” This is due to the fact that Pyracantha develop beautiful red berries that look like fire, but under those berries at very prickly thorns. So you must be careful when placing Pyracantha around children, pets, and you. Pyracantha has a naturally angular growth pattern which makes them perfect for bonsai. The leaves are narrow and dark green and grow on branches with needle-like thorns. Pyracantha produce tiny, white blossoms in spring that slowly turn into pea-sized fruits that turn from red, to orange to yellow in the fall. These berries drop off as winter approaches. The best species of Pyracantha suited for bonsai are Pyracantha augustifolia, of Chinese origin, and Pyracantha coccinea, of Mediterranean origin. Pyracantha can be grown from seeds or cuttings. The best bonsai styles for Pyracantha are slanting styles, especially windswept and cascade.


Star Cypress

Star Cypress

The Star Cypress is from the genus Cupressus and species macrocarpa. Star Cypress are conifers that produce tiny, scale-like leaves clumped together on cord-like branches. Star Cypress may have dark green, light green, blue-gray, or silvery leaves which spread into a pyramid-shape as they age. Star Cypress are well suited for many types of bonsai training styles. I have used them for formal upright, semi-cascade, windswept styles, and grove plantings. Star Cypress may be pruned any time of year but I would recommend trimming before the spring growth period, then trim back any new growth throughout the growing season. We have noticed with Star Cypress that they grow fast compared to other evergreen bonsai so you really need to be observant of the root growth. Most bonsai need to be root pruned one every year or two, but the Star Cypress needs to be repotted once a year just before spring.



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